Ward County

Ward County, Texas

Ward County, Texas

View of the Ward County Courthouse entrace in the town of Monahan's, Texas.
Photograph Credit: Robert Plocheck.

Ward County is on the southwestern edge of the High Plains region of southwest Texas. The center of the county is at 31°32' north latitude and 103°07' west longitude, near the community of Pyote. Monahans, the county seat, is in the northeastern corner of Ward County at the intersection of Interstate Highway 20 and Farm Road 18, thirty-three miles southwest of Odessa on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. The area was named for Thomas W. Ward. Ward County covers 539,460 acres, or 836 square miles, of generally level land; elevations range from 2,400 to 2,800 feet above sea level. Large areas in north Ward County are composed of active, windblown sand dunes, subject to wind erosion and sediment transport. This area has scattered oak groves and a number of sections commonly barren except for grasses and nongrassy herbs, the abundance of which depends on rainfall. Along the Pecos River in the south and west are areas of alluvial fans composed of sand, gravel, and mud substrate. Scrub brush and sparse grasses grow in this part of the county. Near the towns of Grandfalls and Royalty are areas of caliche with bedrock and alluvial material in the substrate. Scrub brush, sparse grasses, creosote bush, and cacti grow in the shallow, stony soils. Less than 1 percent of Ward County is considered prime farmland. The Pecos River is the only continuous flowing source of surface water in the area; the average annual rainfall is twelve inches. Temperatures in Ward County range from an average low of 29° F in January to an average high of 98° F in July. The average growing season lasts 223 days. The production of petroleum and natural gas are quite important to the economy.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Ward County

Highlighted:
  • Ward County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Ward County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2400 ft – 2880 ft

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Ward County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Ward County
Pop. Year Source
11,998 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Ward County
People Year Source
7,805 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$49,916 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Ward County
USD ($) Year Source
3,411,543,190 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Ward County
USD ($) Year Source
209,725,800 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Ward County
USD ($) Year Source
99,098,351 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
9.0 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
13.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
30.9 94.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Ward County
Area (square miles) Year Source
835.6 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Ward County
Area (square miles) Year Source
835.8 2019 United States Census Bureau