Washington County

Washington County, Texas

Washington County, Texas

The Washington County Courthouse is located in Brenham, Texas. Photograph by Renelibrary.

Washington County is in the Blackland Prairies region of southeast central Texas. The center of the county is at 30°14' north latitude and 96°24' west longitude. Brenham, the seat of government, is near the county's center and seventy-five air miles east of Austin. The county was named for George Washington, the first president of the United States. Washington County encompasses 611 square miles of gently rolling land with elevations ranging between 200 to 500 feet above sea level. Sloping generally southeasterly, the area drains into the Brazos River, which runs along the eastern border. Other prominent streams include New Year's Creek, East Fork Mill Creek, Doe Run Creek, Wolf Creek, and Yegua Creek, which forms the county's northern border. Soils along the Brazos River are brownish to reddish, cracking and clayey or loamy; in most of the rest of the county, shallow to deep clayey soils cover a bed of chalk. Subterranean water reservoirs include the Catahoula, Oakville, and Lagarto formations. Washington County, located in the post oak belt, is well timbered, and elms, ashes, hackberries, hickories, pecans, cottonwoods, red cedar, mulberry, and other trees grow in its forests. The county's climate is subtropical and humid, with an average annual precipitation of forty inches. Temperatures range from an average low of 39° F in January to an average high of 96° F in July; the growing season lasts 277 days. The principle mineral resources include oil, natural gas, lignite, brick clay, salt and sulphur. The county is linked to the rest of the state by U.S. Highway 290, which crosses east to west, and by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad, which runs north-south.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

County Map of Texas

Washington County

Highlighted:
  • Washington County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Washington County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

150 ft – 560 ft

Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.


Search Places »

Washington County by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Washington County
Pop. Year Source
35,882 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Washington County
People Year Source
14,645 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$52,265 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Property Values

Washington County
USD ($) Year Source
6,929,801,168 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Washington County
USD ($) Year Source
536,144,558 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Washington County
USD ($) Year Source
167,888,485 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.5 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Rainfall (inches) Year Source
45.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
39.0 94.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Land Area

Washington County
Area (square miles) Year Source
604.0 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Washington County
Area (square miles) Year Source
621.8 2019 United States Census Bureau