Wheeler County

Wheeler County, Texas

Wheeler County, Texas

The Wheeler County Courthouse is housed in the city of Wheeler, the county seat. Photograph by Aualliso.

Wheeler County is on the eastern edge of the Panhandle of Texas, along the Oklahoma border. The center of the county is at 35°25' north latitude and 100°15' west longitude. Wheeler, the county seat, is three miles northwest of the center of the county and 100 miles east of Amarillo. The area was named for Royal T. Wheeler, the second chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Wheeler County occupies 914 square miles of rolling prairies and rough river breaks in the area east of the High Plains; elevations range from 2,000 to 2,800 feet above sea level. The red sandy loam and black clay soils produce abundant native grasses as well as wheat, sorghums, cotton, and alfalfa. Cottonwood, black walnut, chinaberry, willow, hackberry, mesquite, and shin oak trees are found along river and creek bottoms and in other watered areas in the county. The North Fork of the Red River and Sweetwater Creek are the two major streams in the county. Numerous lesser streams drain into them, contributing to the rough nature of the terrain. The average annual rainfall is 23.7 inches. Temperatures range from an average minimum of 26° F in January to an average maximum of 97° F in July. The average growing season lasts 208 days. Mineral resources include caliche, gypsum, petroleum, and natural gas.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Wheeler County

Highlighted:
  • Wheeler County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Wheeler County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2005 ft – 3000 ft

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Wheeler County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Wheeler County
Pop. Year Source
5,056 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Wheeler County
People Year Source
2,135 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$41,801 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Wheeler County
USD ($) Year Source
2,556,167,230 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Wheeler County
USD ($) Year Source
63,591,466 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Wheeler County
USD ($) Year Source
23,618,961 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.2 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
25.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
24.0 93.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Wheeler County
Area (square miles) Year Source
914.5 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Wheeler County
Area (square miles) Year Source
915.5 2019 United States Census Bureau