Wichita County

Wichita County, Texas

Wichita County, Texas

The Wichita County Courthouse is located in Wichita Falls, the county seat. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Wichita County is in the extreme north central portion of the state, on the Oklahoma border. Wichita Falls, the largest city and county seat, is 144 miles northwest of Dallas and 141 miles southwest of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The center of Wichita County is at 34°00' north latitude and 98°42' west longitude. The county comprises 606 square miles, most of which lies in the eastern part of the Central Texas Rolling Red Plains. The extreme southeastern corner, however, is in the Central Texas Rolling Red Prairies. The Rolling Plains vegetation includes mid to tall grasses, mesquite and shinnery oak trees, and cottonwood, elm, hackberry, and pecan trees along the streams. The county's terrain consists of rolling plains with rounded slopes and shallow, comparatively broad valleys. The elevation ranges from 900 to 1,200 feet above mean sea level. Wichita County is drained from southwest to northeast by the Red and the Wichita rivers. The northwest quarter of the county empties into the Red River, the middle half drains into the Wichita River, and the southeast quarter drains into the little Wichita River. Sandy loams, black loams, and clay loams comprise the bulk of the local soils. Mineral resources include oil, gas, sand, gravel, and stone. Temperatures range from an average high of 98° F in July to an average low of 28° F in January, combining for an average annual temperature of 63° F. Rainfall averages twenty-seven inches per year, and the growing season lasts, on average, 221 days each year.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Wichita County

Highlighted:
  • Wichita County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Wichita County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

912 ft – 1240 ft

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Wichita County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Wichita County
Pop. Year Source
132,230 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Wichita County
People Year Source
53,932 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$43,170 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Wichita County
USD ($) Year Source
7,614,702,321 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Wichita County
USD ($) Year Source
1,799,833,034 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Wichita County
USD ($) Year Source
592,465,105 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
7.5 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
28.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
29.8 96.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Wichita County
Area (square miles) Year Source
627.8 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Wichita County
Area (square miles) Year Source
633.1 2019 United States Census Bureau