Wilcox is a rural community in northwestern Gray County five miles southeast of Pampa. It was founded in the late 1920s when the Wilcox Oil Company leased a section of land on the Combs-Worley Ranch and began drilling wells. By 1940 Wilcox reported a population of fifty. Dane Cambern, later a noted area cattle raiser, resided there in the early 1940s and worked as the company's production foreman. Mail and supplies were received from Pampa. The decrease in oil production resulted in the decline of Wilcox, and in 1990 it had a population of five.
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