Wood County

Wood County, Texas

Wood County, Texas

The Wood County Courthouse is located in Quitman, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.
Physical Features: Hilly northeastern coun- ty almost half forested; sandy to alluvial soils; drained by Sabine and tributaries; Lake Fork Reservoir, Lake Quitman, Lake Winnsboro, Lake Hawkins, Holbrook Lake. Economy: Agribusiness, oil, gas, tourism. History: Caddo Indians, reduced by dis- ease. Anglo-American settlement developed in 1840s. County created from Van Zandt County in 1850, organized the same year; named for Gov. George T. Wood. Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 83.7; Black, 4.9; Hispanic, 9.3; Asian, 0.6; Other, 2.4. Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 415; deaths, 627; marriages, 259; divorces, 166. 1799 Recreation: Autumn trails; lake activities; hunting, fishing, birding; Gov. Hogg shrine and museum; historic sites; scenic drives; Mineola depot Minerals: Gas, oil, sand, gravel. Agriculture: Cattle, dairies, poultry, for- ages, vegetables, nurseries. Market value $105.9 million. Timber production significant. QUITMAN (1,883) county seat; tour- ism, food processing, some manufacturing; hospital; botanical gardens; Dog- wood Fiesta. MINEOLA (4,721) agriculture, railroad center (Amtrak), oil and gas, heritage and nature tourism; museum, library; nature preserve; Ironhorse Festival in November. Winnsboro (3,458, partly in Franklin County) poultry production, dairies, distribution, prison; hospital. Other towns include: Alba (628, partly in Rains County); Golden (398) Sweet Potato festival in October; Hawkins (1,393) petroleum, water bottling, Jarvis Christian College; oil festival in October; Holly Lake Ranch (2,973); Yantis (399).

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County Map of Texas

Wood County

Highlighted:
  • Wood County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Wood County is classified as a County

Pronunciations

  • wo͝od

Altitude Range

270 ft – 630 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
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Weimer Town
West Mineola Town
Westbrook Town
White Oak Town
Winnsboro Town
Yantis Town

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Wood County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Wood County
Pop. Year Source
45,539 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Wood County
People Year Source
17,091 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$38,152 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Wood County
USD ($) Year Source
4,326,786,135 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Wood County
USD ($) Year Source
463,354,598 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Wood County
USD ($) Year Source
108,891,284 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
7.6 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
43.0 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
32.5 94.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Wood County
Area (square miles) Year Source
645.2 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Wood County
Area (square miles) Year Source
695.7 2019 United States Census Bureau
Handbook of Texas

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas , a digital state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records

Wood County is in northeastern Texas between Interstate highways 20 and 30. Quitman, the county seat, is eighty miles east of Dallas and thirty miles north of Tyler. The county's center is at 32°5' north latitude and 95°0' west longitude. Wood County comprises 689 square miles of the East Texas timberlands with an elevation of 250 to 600 feet above sea level. The western and central parts of the county, in the Post Oak Savannah vegetation area, produce post oak and blackjack oak and tall grasses, and the eastern portion, in the Piney Woods vegetation area, has softwoods such as loblolly, shortleaf, longleaf, and slash pine and hardwoods such as oak, hickory, and maple. The Sabine River drains the southern part of Wood County and forms its southern boundary, and a tributary of the river, Lake Fork Creek, drains the central portion of the county. Coffee Creek drains the northwestern part of the county before it empties into Lake Fork Creek. Big Sandy Creek drains eastern Wood County, and one of its tributaries, Indian Creek, drains the northeastern part. The west has level to undulating terrain with sandy surfaces over clayey subsoils. Central Wood County has gently rolling to hilly terrain and reddish soils with loamy surfaces over very deep clayey subsoils. Eastern Wood County is nearly level and has soils with sandy to loamy surfaces over very deep subsoils. Mineral resources include oil, natural gas, sand, gravel, and clays. The climate is subtropical, moist and mild. The average annual temperature is 64° F. Temperatures in January range from an average low of 32° F to an average high of 54° and in July from 71° to 95° F. The average annual precipitation measures forty-three inches, and the growing season averages 246 days a year.

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David W. Gilbreath | © Texas State Historical Association