Yorktown

Yorktown is on State Highway 72 and Coleto Creek seventy-five miles east of San Antonio and thirty-six miles northwest of Victoria in southwestern DeWitt County. Settlement began in 1846 when Capt. John York, Indian fighter and landowner in South Texas, moved to Coleto Creek near the present townsite. York and Charles Eckhardt, a prosperous merchant and land speculator from Indianola, planned a trading post and a new, shorter route for teamsters from Indianola to San Antonio. In February 1848 Eckhardt contracted with John A. King to survey this road via York's property and King's home on the Coleto. Many German immigrants traveled this route, the Old Indianola Trail, to settle here. York conveyed half interest in the townsite property to Eckhart and others, and the first ten settlers were promised a lot and ten acres of land gratis. Eckhardt built Yorktown's first log house in May 1848 and established the Charles Eckhardt and Sons store in 1850. Captain York was killed in October 1848 defending the settlement from marauding Indians. Yorktown was named in his honor when it was chartered on August 2, 1854. It was incorporated in 1871 and established its first post office that year. The first school opened in 1853 and the first church in 1857. In 1886 the Aransas Pass Railway was built through a mile to the south of the community. The town slowly relocated to the railway line, and for a time the old site of the community was called Upper Yorktown. Yorktown grew slowly but steadily and by 1898 had 846 residents, a newspaper, and more than fifty businesses, such as hotels, groceries, blacksmith shops, cotton gins, and saloons. In 1902 the fire department was organized and built a fire station. The chamber of commerce dates from 1918. The Yorktown Fair Association, organized in 1920, sponsored the annual "Little World's Fair" until 1949. The chamber of commerce sponsors an annual Western Days celebration. In 1980 Yorktown had a population of 2,498 and more than 150 businesses, including an oilfield-equipment factory. In 1985 the 1871 Charles Eckhardt store, fully restored, housed a museum and was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In 1990 Yorktown had a population of 2,207. The population reached 2,271 in 2000.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Yorktown is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

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Adoption Status: ⭐
This place has been adopted and will not be available until September 1, 2023
Adopted by:
William Rector Erwin Jr.
Dedication Message:
In honor of This My York Family

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Yorktown is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Jordan)

Locations

  • Latitude
    28.98281070
    Longitude
    -97.50502400

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Yorktown by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Yorktown
Pop. Year Source
2,138 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,092 2010 Texas Demographic Center
2,271 2000 Texas Demographic Center
2,207 1990 Texas Demographic Center
2,498 1980 Texas Demographic Center
2,411 1970 Texas Demographic Center
2,527 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,596 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,081 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,882 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,723 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,180 1910 Texas Demographic Center
846 1900 Texas Demographic Center
522 1890 Texas Demographic Center
430 1880 Texas Demographic Center