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Physical Features: Coastal plains; sandy loam, coastal clays; bays, inlets; mesquites, oaks.
Economy: Tourism, recreational fishing, commercial shrimping, hunting.
History: Karankawa, Coahuiltecan area. Settlement by Irish and Mexicans began in 1829. County created and organized in 1871 from Refugio County; named for Rio Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu, derived from a Spanish palace.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 69.5; Black, 1.7; Hispanic, 25.5; Asian, 2.1; Other, 2.8.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 230; deaths, 315; marriages, 231; divorces, 115.
Recreation: Sport fishing, waterfowl hunting; Fulton Mansion; state marine lab; state park; Texas Maritime Museum; bird sanctuaries (a nationally known birding hotspot); Rockport art center; hummingbird festival in September.
Minerals: Oil and gas, also oystershell and sand.
Agriculture: Cotton, hay, cow-calf operations. Market value $1.7 million. Fishing, hunting; redfish hatchery.
ROCKPORT (9,000) county seat; tourism, commercial oyster and shrimp harvesting, sport fishing; commuting to Corpus Christi and Victoria, retirement residences; Festival of Wines in May.
Also, part  of Aransas Pass.
Waterfowl and boats at Rockport-Fulton. Photo by Robert Plocheck.