Bovina, Texas

Bovina, Texas

Shot of a landmark grain elevator in the town of Bovina, Texas. Photograph by Leaflet.

Bovina is on U.S. Highway 60 between two forks of Running Water Draw in western Parmer County. Originally the community was the Hay Hook Line Camp of the XIT Ranch, and the ranch headquarters was one of the county's earliest buildings. When the Pecos and Northern Texas Railway was built through the ranch in 1898 a switch was placed at the site to be used by cowboys to unload cottonseed shipped in as feed. Some of this feed was invariably spilled along the tracks, causing XIT cattle to gather at the unfenced right-of-way. Often they lay down, compelling railroad workers to get off their trains and prod them off the tracks. As a result the site was labeled Bull Town, a name replaced by the more elegant Bovina when the post office was established on January 31, 1899. Bovina soon experienced a boom and for a time shipped a larger volume of cattle than any other shipping point in the world.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Bovina is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Bull Town)


  • Latitude

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Bovina by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
1,807 2019 Texas Demographic Center
1,868 2010 Texas Demographic Center
1,874 2000 Texas Demographic Center
1,549 1990 Texas Demographic Center