Brownwood Coliseum in Brownwood, Texas

Brownwood Coliseum in Brownwood, Texas

The Brownwood Coliseum is located in Brownwood, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Brownwood is on Pecan Bayou at the intersection of U.S. highways 67, 84, and 377, Farm Road 2524, and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in south central Brown County. The city and the county are named for Henry Stevenson Brown. The area was settled by farmers and cattle ranchers like Welcome W. Chandler and J. H. Fowler. When the sparsely populated county was organized in 1857, the hamlet of Brownwood was chosen as county seat. A post office was opened in the town the following year. The town was originally located on the east side of Pecan Bayou, but in the late 1860s a land-title dispute and problems with an inadequate water supply induced the residents to move to a sixty-acre site on the west side of the bayou donated by Greenleaf Fisk. Brownwood Masonic Lodge was chartered in 1865. As late as 1872 Brownwood was a small community of two stores, a log courthouse, and about five dwellings. In 1873 John Y. Rankin purchased land around the business district and began to build homes in what became known as the Rankin Addition. In 1876, when the town had an estimated 120 inhabitants and Cumberland Presbyterian, Presbyterian, and Baptist churches, the first bank was opened and a schoolhouse was built that also served as a town hall and a church. Because Brownwood lay on a feeder line of the Western Trail, stores and saloons served the needs of the cowboys who drove the herds through town. A cotton gin was built in town in 1877 as the state of Texas began to offer the land to farmers.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Brownwood by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
19,898 2019 Texas Demographic Center
19,288 2010 Texas Demographic Center
18,813 2000 Texas Demographic Center
18,387 1990 Texas Demographic Center
19,203 1980 Texas Demographic Center
17,368 1970 Texas Demographic Center
16,974 1960 Texas Demographic Center
20,181 1950 Texas Demographic Center
13,398 1940 Texas Demographic Center
12,789 1930 Texas Demographic Center
8,223 1920 Texas Demographic Center
6,967 1910 Texas Demographic Center
6,965 1900 Texas Demographic Center
2,176 1890 Texas Demographic Center
725 1880 Texas Demographic Center