Calvert, Texas

Calvert, Texas

View of the historic district in downtown Calvert, a Texas town located in west central Robertson County. Photograph by Renelibrary.

Calvert is at the intersection of State Highway 6 and Farm roads 1644 and 979, on the Southern Pacific line nine miles north of Hearne in west central Robertson County. The earliest White settler in the area was Joseph Harlan, whose 1837 land grant lay five miles south of what is now the site of Calvert. In 1850 Robert Calvert, for whom the town was named, established a plantation west of the townsite. Calvert and other area farmers urged the Houston and Texas Central Railway to build through the area; the railroad arrived in 1868. A group of investors purchased land at the townsite and platted the community in January of that year, and by February merchants from nearby communities such as Sterling and Owensville were moving to the new town. A post office also opened at the community in 1868. The first trains arrived there in 1869. Calvert incorporated with an aldermanic form of government in 1870. In 1870, as part of the Reconstruction political maneuvering in Robertson County, Calvert replaced Owensville as county seat. Early that year the town was briefly occupied by federal troops; that year also the first school was founded in the community. The Republican party in the county drew much of its strength from Black voters on the plantations in the Calvert area, and for a number of years the party was able to elect Blacks from Calvert to county and state office. As a rail center and as county seat, Calvert prospered, and in 1871 the town claimed to have the largest cotton gin in the world. In 1873 a severe yellow fever epidemic killed many in the community. A county jail built in 1875 was still a local landmark more than a century later.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Calvert is classified as a Town


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Calvert by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
1,142 2019 Texas Demographic Center
1,192 2010 Texas Demographic Center
1,426 2000 Texas Demographic Center
1,536 1990 Texas Demographic Center
1,732 1980 Texas Demographic Center
2,072 1970 Texas Demographic Center
2,073 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,548 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,366 1940 Texas Demographic Center
2,103 1930 Texas Demographic Center
2,099 1920 Texas Demographic Center
2,579 1910 Texas Demographic Center
3,322 1900 Texas Demographic Center
2,632 1890 Texas Demographic Center
2,280 1880 Texas Demographic Center