Cheyenne was on the W. F. Scarborough Ranch, nine miles north of Kermit in northern Winkler County. In 1926 oil was discovered in the county, and in 1927 the Scarborough field was found. Anticipating an oil boom in 1928, newcomers built a number of shacks at Cheyenne. A bond election was called by the Winkler County Commissioners Court in the amount of $75,000 to build a school. However, the bonds were cancelled, and the school was never built. Cheyenne lost in competition with another new town called Leck, located five miles to the west in the newly-discovered Leck oilfield.
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