Cleburne, Texas

Cleburne, Texas

View of the Johnson County Courthouse in Cleburne, Texas.
Photograph Credit: Robert Plocheck.

Cleburne, the county seat of Johnson County, is on U.S. Highway 67 thirty miles south of Fort Worth. Its origin and growth can be attributed to its role as a crossroads and transportation center. The site was near the earliest Johnson County road, an old wagon trail that was used by soldiers traveling from Fort Belknap to Fort Graham. The location had an excellent water source on West Buffalo Creek that attracted travelers, including cattlemen from the nearby Chisholm Trail. During the Civil War the site was used as a bivouac for Johnson County units marching off to war. This temporary facility, known as Camp Henderson, became a permanent settlement on March 23, 1867, when it became necessary to choose a new, centrally located county seat to replace Buchanan. The town was named in honor of Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, under whom many of the men had fought during the Civil War.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Cleburne is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Camp Henderson)


  • Latitude

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Cleburne by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
32,335 2019 Texas Demographic Center
29,337 2010 Texas Demographic Center
26,005 2000 Texas Demographic Center
22,205 1990 Texas Demographic Center
19,218 1980 Texas Demographic Center
16,015 1970 Texas Demographic Center
15,381 1960 Texas Demographic Center
12,905 1950 Texas Demographic Center
10,558 1940 Texas Demographic Center
11,539 1930 Texas Demographic Center
12,820 1920 Texas Demographic Center
10,364 1910 Texas Demographic Center
7,493 1900 Texas Demographic Center
3,278 1890 Texas Demographic Center
1,855 1880 Texas Demographic Center
683 1870 Texas Demographic Center