City of Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas

City of Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas

Old Freestone County Jail, Historical Site in Fairfield, the seat of Freestone County, Texas. Photograph by Jim Evans.

Fairfield, the county seat of Freestone County, is at the junction of Interstate Highway 45, U.S. highways 75 and 84, and Farm roads 27, 488, and 1580, in the center of the county. The site was originally called Mound Prairie, but the name was changed to Fairfield when the location was chosen for the county seat in 1850. The original townsite, 100 acres of the Redin Gainer league, was donated by David Hall Love. In 1851–52, 128 lots were auctioned off for prices ranging from six dollars to $101. Rich farmland, vast amounts of timber, clear springs, and proximity to the Trinity River for transportation attracted settlers from the eastern states. Fairfield acquired a post office in 1851 and by September 1852 had three dry-goods stores, two hotels, a grocery, and a jail. A Fairfield Masonic lodge chartered in 1853 was still active in 1989. The first of four courthouses, a small wooden building described as "no better than a pigsty," was built about 1852. New courthouses were built—in 1854–56, at a cost of $8,330; in 1891–92, at a cost of $22,120; and in 1919–21, at a cost of $125,000. In 1891 and 1918 the need for a new courthouse led to county-seat elections in which Fairfield defeated Wortham and Teague, respectively.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Fairfield is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Mound Prairie)
  • (Mount Pleasant 1)


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Fairfield by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
2,850 2020 United States Census Bureau
2,980 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,951 2010 United States Census Bureau
3,094 2000 United States Census Bureau
3,234 1990 United States Census Bureau
3,505 1980 United States Census Bureau
2,074 1970 United States Census Bureau
1,781 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,742 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,047 1940 United States Census Bureau