Fairfield

City of Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas

City of Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas

Old Freestone County Jail, Historical Site in Fairfield, the seat of Freestone County, Texas. Photograph by Jim Evans.

Fairfield, the county seat of Freestone County, is at the junction of Interstate Highway 45, U.S. highways 75 and 84, and Farm roads 27, 488, and 1580, in the center of the county. The site was originally called Mound Prairie, but the name was changed to Fairfield when the location was chosen for the county seat in 1850. The original townsite, 100 acres of the Redin Gainer league, was donated by David Hall Love. In 1851–52, 128 lots were auctioned off for prices ranging from six dollars to $101. Rich farmland, vast amounts of timber, clear springs, and proximity to the Trinity River for transportation attracted settlers from the eastern states. Fairfield acquired a post office in 1851 and by September 1852 had three dry-goods stores, two hotels, a grocery, and a jail. A Fairfield Masonic lodge chartered in 1853 was still active in 1989. The first of four courthouses, a small wooden building described as "no better than a pigsty," was built about 1852. New courthouses were built—in 1854–56, at a cost of $8,330; in 1891–92, at a cost of $22,120; and in 1919–21, at a cost of $125,000. In 1891 and 1918 the need for a new courthouse led to county-seat elections in which Fairfield defeated Wortham and Teague, respectively.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Fairfield is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Fairfield is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Mound Prairie)
  • (Mount Pleasant 1)

Locations

  • Latitude
    31.71769440
    Longitude
    -96.16612000

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.


Search Places »

Fairfield by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Fairfield
Pop. Year Source
2,980 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,951 2010 Texas Demographic Center
3,094 2000 Texas Demographic Center
3,234 1990 Texas Demographic Center
3,505 1980 Texas Demographic Center
2,074 1970 Texas Demographic Center
1,781 1960 Texas Demographic Center
1,742 1950 Texas Demographic Center
1,047 1940 Texas Demographic Center