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Map of Kaufman County

Kaufman, the county seat of Kaufman County, is at the intersection of State highways 34 and 243 and U.S. Highway 175, thirty-four miles east of Dallas near the center of the county. The original inhabitants of the area were Caddo, Cherokee, Comanche, Delaware, and Kickapoo Indians. The first Whites were forty families led by Mississippian Dr. William P. King, who arrived in the area in 1840, purchased 2½ square miles of land, and built a fort on a hilltop that overlooked his new home. In his honor the outpost that provided security for the settlers was called Kings Fort, and the stream that ran nearby became known as King's Creek. During the next five years several buildings were built near the fort. Gradually a community developed, named Kingsboro.

In 1846, when the state legislature established Henderson County, Kingsboro became part of Henderson County. In 1848, however, land from Henderson County was taken to establish Kaufman County, named for David S. Kaufman. In 1849 postal service to the community began. Three years later Kingsboro became the county seat and was renamed for the county. Mrs. Francis Taber, former wife of William P. King donated much of the land for the new county seat. In 1860 the first newspaper, a weekly called the Kaufman Star, began operating. After the Civil War Kaufman had a population estimated at 500, and in 1872 the town incorporated. In protest against Reconstruction, however, the voters refused to hold elections during the 1870s. Kaufman once again held elections, and once again was incorporated, in 1881. The same year the tracks of the Texas Trunk line reached the city. Two years later the Texas Central Railroad connected Kaufman with Dallas. The two railroad lines established Kaufman as the shipping point for county farmers and contributed to the growth of the community. In 1884 Kaufman had an estimated 1,000 residents, four churches, two schools, an opera house, and forty businesses. The town's first bank began operating in the late 1880s with capital assets totaling $50,000. A second bank opened in 1892. By 1900 Kaufman had three newspapers, sixty businesses, and an estimated population of 2,300.

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David Minor | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Kaufman is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Kaufman is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Kingsboro)


Latitude: 32.57587820
Longitude: -96.30900800

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Kaufman by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
6,797 2020 United States Census Bureau
7,565 2019 Texas Demographic Center
6,703 2010 United States Census Bureau
6,490 2000 United States Census Bureau
5,251 1990 United States Census Bureau
4,658 1980 United States Census Bureau
4,012 1970 United States Census Bureau
3,087 1960 United States Census Bureau
2,714 1950 United States Census Bureau
2,654 1940 United States Census Bureau
2,279 1930 United States Census Bureau
2,501 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,959 1910 United States Census Bureau
1,378 1900 United States Census Bureau
1,282 1890 United States Census Bureau