Midlothian, Texas

Midlothian, Texas

Midlothian, Texas Photo by Martin Ferreira from Pexels

Midlothian is on U.S. Highway 287 and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe and Southern Pacific railways nine miles northwest of Waxahachie in northwest Ellis County. Settlers arrived in the area as early as 1800, but colonization did not occur until peace treaties between the Republic of Texas and the Indian inhabitants were finalized by Sam Houston in 1843. The William Alden Hawkins and Larkin Newton families were the first to obtain permanent land titles at the site, under the authority of the Peters colony in 1848. The locale became known as Hawkins' Springs after a spring on Hawkins's property. A log cabin with an earthen floor was the community's first school, church, and community hall. As better materials became available, more permanent buildings were constructed. A post office called Barker, probably after Charles Barker, was established in 1877. The name was changed to Midlothian in 1882 or 1883. Most accounts agree that the name was suggested by a Scottish train engineer after a location in his home country. The community was selected by the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway to be a part of its proposed line. Tracks reached the area in 1883, and by 1884 Midlothian had two churches, a district school, and a newspaper, the Midlothian News. The population was 300. Midlothian was incorporated in April 1888.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Midlothian is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town, county, or lake of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists


Place type

Midlothian is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Barker)
  • (Charles Barker)
  • (Hawkins Springs)
  • (Lebanon)


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Proud to call Texas home?

Put your name on the town, county, or lake of your choice.

Search Places »

Midlothian by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
35,125 2020 United States Census Bureau
28,301 2019 Texas Demographic Center
18,037 2010 United States Census Bureau
7,480 2000 United States Census Bureau
5,040 1990 United States Census Bureau
3,219 1980 United States Census Bureau
2,322 1970 United States Census Bureau
1,521 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,177 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,027 1940 United States Census Bureau
1,168 1930 United States Census Bureau
1,298 1920 United States Census Bureau
868 1910 United States Census Bureau
832 1900 United States Census Bureau
297 1890 United States Census Bureau