Pendleton is on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and Farm Road 1237, six miles northwest of Temple in northern Bell County. A community known as Pendletonville, a quarter mile south of the site of present Pendleton, grew up around the railroad station in the early 1880s and was named for George C. Pendleton, a local merchant and politician and a future lieutenant governor of Texas. Between 1884 and 1890 the town grew from forty inhabitants to 150, and by 1914 it had an estimated population of 400, a post office, Baptist, First Christian, and Methodist churches, three cotton gins, a bank, and three general stores. The Pendletonville school was the second largest district school in the county in 1903, when it served 151 pupils.
Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.
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