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City of Ralls in Crosby County, Texas

City of Ralls in Crosby County, Texas

Two Water Towers in the City of Ralls, in Crosby County, Texas. Photograph by Pete Unseth.

Ralls is at the junction of U.S. highways 62 and 82 and State Highway 207, twenty-seven miles east of Lubbock in west central Crosby County. It was founded by John Robinson Ralls, who, with the help of W. E. McLaughlin, laid out a townsite in July 1911. At his own expense Ralls then began moving a number of businesses and houses from Emma to the new town. He also donated land in 1911 for a new school, and in 1913 the second school term was held on this site in a new $17,000 building. Benefiting from its location on the Santa Fe Railroad, Ralls thrived as new settlers and freight were brought in. The Ralls Chamber of Commerce was organized in 1917, and Percy Ralls, brother of John, became its first president. In 1922 the population of Ralls reached 950, and on January 6 of that year Ralls was incorporated.

The Great Depression brought problems, which were compounded by the worst hail and wind storm in Crosby County history on June 19, 1935. During the storm two residents were killed, and the compress at Ralls was unroofed. Prosperity returned during the 1940s as agriculture thrived. Area farms were irrigated, and a building boom got under way in the latter part of the decade. By 1951 more than 100 business establishments were located in Ralls. Over the years several school districts have consolidated with Ralls schools either wholly or in part. A partial listing includes the districts of Owens, League Four, Canyon Valley, Fairview, New Home, and Farmer. Governor Preston Smith dedicated the Ralls Historical Museum on March 6, 1970. The museum is housed in the old John R. Ralls Bank building and contains thousands of mementos pertaining to Crosby County history, including fifteen period rooms. Ralls, a retail and shipping center, is surrounded by a productive farming region that produces cotton, grains, soybeans, sunflowers, and vegetables. In 1980 Ralls, the largest town in Crosby County, had a population of 2,422 and in 1990 2,172. The population was 2,252 in 2000.

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Edloe A. Jenkins | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Ralls is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Ralls is classified as a Town


Latitude: 33.67871050
Longitude: -101.38456000

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Ralls by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
1,665 2020 United States Census Bureau
1,834 2019 Texas Demographic Center
1,944 2010 United States Census Bureau
2,252 2000 United States Census Bureau
2,172 1990 United States Census Bureau
2,422 1980 United States Census Bureau
1,962 1970 United States Census Bureau
2,300 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,771 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,512 1940 United States Census Bureau
1,365 1930 United States Census Bureau
500 1920 United States Census Bureau