Richmond

Richmond, Texas

Richmond, Texas

View of the Forth Bend County Courthouse in Richmond, Texas the seat of the county. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Richmond, the county seat of Fort Bend County, is on the Brazos River fifteen miles southwest of Houston. The city's transportation links include U.S. highways 90A and 59, the Southern Pacific Railroad, and the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway. In early 1822 a group of twelve to fifteen men led by William W. Little camped in the vicinity of the present city and were soon followed by other members of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred. A log fort built at the bend in the Brazos River became the nucleus of a settlement, which came to be known as Fort Bend, or the "Fort Settlement." The community was evacuated in 1836 during the Runaway Scrape. In early 1837 the town of Richmond was established by Robert Eden Handy and his business partner, William Lusk, and as early as April the partners were advertising to sell lots in the town. Named after Richmond, England, the town was first incorporated by the Republic of Texas in May 1837; in December, when Fort Bend County was formed, Richmond became its seat of government. In January 1839 a Methodist Episcopal church was organized, and in April the town's first newspaper, the weekly Richmond Telescope and Texas Literary Register, began publishing. The town's early residents included some of the best known Texans of the period, including Erastus (Deaf) Smith and Jane Long ; Mirabeau B. Lamar lived on a plantation within the present limits of the city. By 1851 Richmond included a brick courthouse, two stores, a Masonic Hall, the Methodist church, and the Richmond Male and Female Academy. A yellow fever epidemic swept through Richmond in 1853, but its future seemed assured in 1855, when the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway extended its tracks into the town. By 1859 the town was a prosperous shipping and market center for the area's cotton plantations and had grown to include a cotton warehouse and two hotels; a brick building for other stores was also being built.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Richmond is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Adoption Status: ⭐
This place has been adopted and will not be available until June 1, 2023
Adopted by:
Matthew Driggers
Dedication Message:
In honor of my Bassett Family

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Richmond is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    29.58222970
    Longitude
    -95.76319200

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Richmond by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Richmond
Pop. Year Source
13,271 2019 Texas Demographic Center
11,679 2010 Texas Demographic Center
11,081 2000 Texas Demographic Center
10,042 1990 Texas Demographic Center
9,692 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,777 1970 Texas Demographic Center
3,668 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,030 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,026 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,432 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,273 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,371 1910 Texas Demographic Center