San Antonio

San Antonio, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

San Antonio, Texas Photo by JOSE GIL from Pexels

San Antonio, located at the head of the San Antonio River in Bexar County in south central Texas, is on Interstate Highway 10 (east-west) and Interstate highways 35 and 37 (north-south). The city is also served by five U.S. highways, numerous state highways as well as Interstate (Loop) 410 and State Loop 1604, San Antonio International Airport, Stinson Airport, Union Pacific Railroad, and daily AMTRAK train service. San Antonio, also known by such titles as the Alamo City, the Mission City, the River City, and Military City, U.S.A. (which the city trademarked in 2017), has a 300-year history that stretches back to Spanish Texas with the establishment of a presidio, town, and five Franciscan missions along the San Antonio River. The city’s strategic role in two separate struggles for independence—the fight for Mexican independence in 1811–13 and for Texas independence in 1835–36—resulted in bloody conflict but also eventually entrenched San Antonio’s standing as a state and national symbol of the battle for self-government. During the second half of the nineteenth century, San Antonio, as the largest city in Texas, supported a diverse native and immigrant population and further perpetuated its reputation as a crossroads of cultures. The city prospered as a center of agricultural and ranching activities, and its growing industry, advances in transportation, establishment of educational institutions, and strong connection to the military carried it firmly into the twentieth century and the post-World War II era. In recent decades San Antonio has become a top tourist destination.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

San Antonio is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Bexar 1)
  • (San Fernando de Bexar)


  • Latitude

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Is Incorporated


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San Antonio by the Numbers

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Population Counts

San Antonio
Pop. Year Source
1,434,625 2020 United States Census Bureau
1,544,672 2019 Texas Demographic Center
1,327,407 2010 United States Census Bureau
1,150,535 2000 United States Census Bureau
959,295 1990 United States Census Bureau
785,410 1980 United States Census Bureau
654,153 1970 United States Census Bureau
587,718 1960 United States Census Bureau
408,442 1950 United States Census Bureau
253,854 1940 United States Census Bureau
231,542 1930 United States Census Bureau
161,379 1920 United States Census Bureau
96,614 1910 United States Census Bureau
53,321 1900 United States Census Bureau
37,673 1890 United States Census Bureau
20,550 1880 United States Census Bureau
12,256 1870 United States Census Bureau
8,235 1860 United States Census Bureau
3,488 1850 United States Census Bureau