Coffee's Station

Coffee's Station, also known as Coffee's Trading Post, was operated by Holland Coffee and associates and occupied several locations on the Red River from 1834 to 1846. After leading a trapping expedition to the area of the forks of the Red River in early 1833, Coffee established the trading post near the "old Pawnee village." This was probably the abandoned north bank village of the Pani Piques (Taovayas or Wichitas) that Athanase de Mézières had named San Bernardo, across the river from the site of present Spanish Fort. The post housed thirty men and was surrounded by a picket fence. It was considered to be within the Choctaw Nation. Contacts were conducted out of the post that convened the plains Indians for the Camp Mason treaty negotiations of August 24, 1835, held near the site of present Lexington, Oklahoma.

Mexican agents tried to force evacuation of the post, and in early 1836 it was moved upriver to the mouth of Cache Creek, near the site of present Taylor, Oklahoma. Although later proved to be much in error, Coffee contended that this site was in Texas by virtue of being west of the 100th meridian. Various complaints were made that the post's trade encouraged Indian depredations, and members of the Texas House of Representatives recommended that it be placed under surveillance or even suppressed. By April it was moved downriver and located on Walnut Bayou, near the site of present Burneyville, Oklahoma. Abel Warren subsequently operated the post (called Warren's Post) at Walnut Bayou from 1836 to 1848 and later returned it to the Cache Creek site. In September of 1937 the post was moved across the river in Washita (Preston) Bend, a site north of modern Pottsboro, Texas. The early locations served the Comanches, Kiowas, Wichitas, Keechis, and Tawakonis primarily.

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Morris L. Britton | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Coffee's Station is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Coffee's Station is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Preston)

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated