Elgin is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 290 and State Highway 95, fifteen miles north of Bastrop in north Bastrop County. In 1871 the Houston and Texas Central Railway built through the area and established a flag stop called Glasscock. The name was changed to Elgin, in honor of the railroad's land commissioner and surveyor, Robert Morris Elgin, on August 18, 1872, when the town was officially platted. Elgin was incorporated and received a post office the following year, and a Baptist Sunday school began meeting in a private home. Much of the community's early population was drawn from nearby Perryville, which the railroad had bypassed.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Currently Exists


Place type

Elgin is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Glasscock)
  • (Perryville)


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


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Elgin by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
10,234 2019 Texas Demographic Center
8,135 2010 Texas Demographic Center
5,700 2000 Texas Demographic Center
4,846 1990 Texas Demographic Center
4,535 1980 Texas Demographic Center
3,832 1970 Texas Demographic Center
3,511 1960 Texas Demographic Center
3,168 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,008 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,823 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,630 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,707 1910 Texas Demographic Center