Gail, Texas

Gail, Texas

View of an abandoned building, the former Caprock Cafe, in Gail, the seat of Borden County, Texas. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.
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Map of Borden County

Gail, on U.S. Highway 180 in central Borden County, was named for Gail Borden, Jr., when it was selected county seat in 1891. It experienced a land boom in 1903 when five sections of state land were sold. The War of Ribbons, in which ranchers wore blue ribbons on their sleeves and new settlers wore red, followed in 1903 without bloodshed, and Gail and the county grew in population as farmers took up land. Despite being a county seat, the community remained small, and the county population sparse. The estimated population in Gail in 1910 was 700, and in 1912 it was 600. By 1936, because of the Great Depression and changes in agricultural patterns, Gail had declined to 250. In 1980 its population was only 189 in a total reported county population of 859. Gail during the 1980s had a county museum, a grade school, a high school, and a cafe. In the early 1990s Gail was still the county seat and reported a population of 202, served by eight businesses. In 2000 the population was 189.

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William R. Hunt | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Gail is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Gail is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Gale]
  • (Hogg)


Latitude: 32.77038320
Longitude: -101.44541110

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Population Count, 2021 View more »