Harlingen's strategic location at the intersection of U.S. highways 77 and 83 in northwestern Cameron County fostered its development as a distribution, shipping, and industrial center. In 1904 Lon C. Hill envisioned the Arroyo Colorado as a commercial waterway. He named the town he founded on the north bank after a city in Holland. The town's post office was established that year. The first school opened with fifteen pupils in 1905 near the Hill home, the first residence built in Harlingen. Harlingen was incorporated on April 15, 1910, when the population totaled 1,126. In 1920 the census listed 1,748. The local economy at first was almost entirely agricultural. Major crops were vegetables and cotton.
At a Glance
Harlingen is part of or belongs to the following places.
Adopt a Town
The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town, county, or lake of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.
- Adoption Status: ⭐
- This place has been adopted and will not be available until September 5, 2023
- Adopted by:
- Liza M. Saldana
- Dedication Message:
- In honor of my Saldana family. Especially to my 3rd Great Grandfather Francisco Saldana making a home in this city, before it was a city, for our families at La Providencia Ranch, in May 26, 1873.
Harlingen is classified as a Town
- (Lon Hill's Town)
- (Six-Shooter Junction)
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Harlingen by the Numbers
This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."
|71,829||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|68,328||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|64,849||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|57,564||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|48,746||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|43,543||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|33,503||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|41,207||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|23,229||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|13,306||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|12,124||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|1,784||1920||United States Census Bureau|