Cameron County

Cameron County, Texas

Cameron County, Texas

Cameron County has several important birdwatching areas that are part of the natural migratory path for millions of birds that move between the Americas. Photo by Reid Allen on Unsplash.
Cameron County, Texas

Cameron County, Texas

Map of Cameron County, Texas. Image Credit: Robert Plocheck.

Cameron County (U-17) is 140 miles south of Corpus Christi in the Rio Grande Plains region of South Texas. The county, named for Mier expedition member Capt. Ewen Cameron, is bordered on the north by Willacy County, on the west by Hidalgo County, on the east by the Gulf of Mexico, and on the south by Mexico. The county's largest town and county seat is Brownsville, which serves as the terminus of U.S. Highways 77, 83, and 281 and the Missouri Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads. The center point of the county is at 26°10' north latitude and 97°30' west longitude. Other large communities include Harlingen, La Feria, Port Isabel, San Benito, and South Padre Island.

Cameron County covers 905 square miles, with an elevation range from sea level to sixty feet. Along the eastern edge of the county the soils are sandy and saline, with some cracking clay. The remainder of the county has brownish to reddish soils, with loamy to clayey surface layers and clayey subsoils. Vegetation along the eastern edge of the county is typical of the Gulf Prairie and Marsh vegetation areas, with marsh grasses, bluestems, and grama grasses predominating. The vegetation of the rest of the county is like that of the South Texas Plains area, with small trees, brush, weeds, and grasses found in abundance. Mesquite, live oak, post oak, and shrubs also grow densely in some areas. Between 41 and 50 percent of the county is considered prime farmland. Natural resources include oil and gas, barite, celestite, chromium, bentonite clay, fluorspar, manganese, and phosphate.

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Alicia A. Garza, Christopher Long | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Adopted by: Amanda L. Clements
Adoption Message: In honor of the Clements & Caruthers families
Until: June 4th, 2025

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Cameron County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

0 ft – 67 ft

Size

Land area does not include water surface area, whereas total area does

  • Land Area: 890.9 mi²
  • Total Area: 1,276.5 mi²

Temperature

January mean minimum: 51.6°F
July mean maximum: 93.6°F

Rainfall, 2019

27.4 inches

Population Count, 2019

423,163

Civilian Labor Count, 2019

163,479

Unemployment, 2019

11.2%

Property Values, 2019

$20,769,664,116 USD

Per-Capita Income, 2019

$28,756 USD

Retail Sales, 2019

$4,719,921,529 USD

Wages, 2019

$1,303,584,160 USD

Cameron County

Highlighted:
  • Cameron County
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Place Type Population (Year/Source) Currently Exists
Town
Town
Town 350 (2014) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town 600 (2014) Yes
Town 982 (2021) Yes
Town 167 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 501 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 412 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 458 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 34 (2003) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 187,831 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 5,464 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town 3,586 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 3,040 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 79 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 0 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 1,362 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 43 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 244 (2021) Yes
Town 71,925 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 121 (2021) Yes
Town 851 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 1,948 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 6,814 (2021) Yes
Town 219 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 3,138 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 844 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 86 (2021) Yes
Town 1,521 (2021) Yes
Town 3,605 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 1,128 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 221 (2014) Yes
Town 83 (2021) Yes
Town 3,691 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Lake Yes
Town
Town
Town 8,152 (2021) Yes
Town 1,012 (2021) Yes
Town 0 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 97 (2014) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 901 (2021) Yes
Town 557 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 1,398 (2021) Yes
Town 1,515 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 5,094 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 5,303 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 2,856 (2021) Yes
Town 197 (2021) Yes
Town 88 (2021) Yes
Town 814 (2021) Yes
Town 918 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 2,018 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town 24,780 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 209 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 618 (2021) Yes
Town
Town 2,423 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town 844 (2021) Yes
Town 2,061 (2021) Yes
Town 947 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 57 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town
Town 451 (2021) Yes
Town
Town
Town 343 (2021) Yes
Town 78 (2021) Yes

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