Indio

Indio is on Spencer Creek, the Rio Grande, and Farm Road 170, twelve miles west of Presidio in southern Presidio County. The settlement, called at different times Paloma Ranch, Spencer's Rancho, and Indio Ranch, began after 1854 when John W. Spencer settled there and began raising horses, and later, cattle and vegetables. By 1908 the small farming community had built a school and hired B. T. Briggs to teach. In 1911 Juan de la Cruz Machuca, the first Hispanic graduate of Marfa High School, passed the state examination for teacher certification and became the teacher at Indio. The farmland around Indio became more productive in 1917 after Esteban Ochoa directed an irrigation project there. In 1918 Indio farmers began growing cotton, and by 1924 Ochoa had built a cotton gin to process their crops. During the Mexican Revolution, the United States Army stationed an infantry platoon at Indio. On December 3, 1917, Mexican bandits fired on the platoon from across the river and wounded a soldier. The United States soldiers crossed the river and retaliated, killing twelve bandits. As late as 1928 the area around Indio was patrolled. In 1939 Indio reported a population of forty, two businesses, and a school.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Indio is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Indio is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [-Ranch]
  • (Paloma Ranch)
  • (Spencer's Rancho)

Locations

  • Latitude
    29.71767510
    Longitude
    -104.53770400

Has Post Office

No

Is Incorporated

No

Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.


Search Places »

Indio by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Pop. Year Source
5 2009 Local Officials