City of Lancaster, Texas

City of Lancaster, Texas

Historic Downtown in the City of Lancaster, Texas. Photograph by Renelibrary.

Lancaster is at the junction of State Highway 342 and Pleasant Run Road, fourteen miles south of Dallas in southern Dallas County. Ten Mile Creek and its tributaries run throughout the area. Abram Bledsoe bought half of the Roderick Rawlins survey in 1847 and five years later laid out a city plan near the community of Pleasant Run. He named his township Lancaster, after the name of his birthplace, Lancaster, Kentucky. Bledsoe brought with him his daughter, Virginia, a schoolteacher, who married Roderick A. Rawlins, the son of Roderick Rawlins, a settler in the area since 1845. The White family of Tennessee moved to Lancaster in late 1851, and R. P. Henry, a native of France, moved his family to Lancaster in the early 1860s. A carding machine was operated in the community in 1850. Dr. H. J. Moffett established his drugstore and practice there in 1851. In 1860 a post office was established in Lancaster.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Lancaster is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Place type

Lancaster is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Pleasant Run)


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


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Lancaster by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
41,275 2020 United States Census Bureau
39,001 2019 Texas Demographic Center
36,361 2010 United States Census Bureau
25,894 2000 United States Census Bureau
22,117 1990 United States Census Bureau
14,807 1980 United States Census Bureau
10,522 1970 United States Census Bureau
7,501 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,632 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,151 1940 United States Census Bureau
1,133 1930 United States Census Bureau
1,190 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,115 1910 United States Census Bureau
1,045 1900 United States Census Bureau
741 1890 United States Census Bureau