Phelan, two miles north of Bastrop in central Bastrop County, was the site of a lignite coal mining community that flourished briefly in the early twentieth century. A post office opened in 1905, and the town possibly drew its name from one of the postmasters, J. C. Phelan. A school was established about 1910 for the children of the mostly Mexican miners of the Independence Mining Company, later the Phelan Mining Company. In 1914 the community had a general store and a population of 800. By 1925 the population had dropped to 200, and the post office was closed in 1931. Phelan still had a school for Mexican children in 1933.
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