Quitman, the county seat of Wood County, is at the junction of State highways 154 and 37 and Farm roads 778 and 2966, ten miles north of Mineola in the west central part of the county. It became the county seat at its founding in 1850 and was named for John A. Quitman, a governor of Mississippi and a prominent figure in the Mexican War. Quitman grew slowly during its early years, probably because of the lack of transportation facilities. By 1870 it had a population of only 320. In 1872 the Texas and Pacific Railway decided to locate a depot in Wood County. The company was demanding $100,000 in county bonds to help finance a line westward from Longview. James Stephen Hogg, who had just moved to Quitman and who was just beginning his political career, led a fight to deny the company this subsidy. Hogg won, and the railroad company chose Sodom (later called Mineola) as the site for this depot. By 1904 Quitman had an estimated population of only 368, but in the next twenty years the town became a service center for the many farmers working the fertile surrounding lands. In 1930 the population had risen to an estimated 950, and the town had thirty-five businesses. The Great Depression brought a period of decline during the 1930s, but the discovery of oil around Quitman in 1941 and World War II helped to reverse it. By 1954 the population had risen to 927. The opening of several nearby recreational lakes in the late 1950s led to additional growth and prosperity. The population in 1980 stood at 1,893, and by 1984 the town had two banks, a library, a hospital, and a weekly newspaper. In 1990 the population was 1,684. The population grew to 2,030 in 2000. Quitman is the hometown of actress Sissy Spacek.
Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.
David W. Gilbreath | © Texas State Historical Association
Quitman at a Glance
Quitman is part of or belongs to the following places.
Adopt a Town
The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town, county, or lake of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.
- Adoption Status: ✅
- This place is available for adoption!
- Adopted by:
- Your name goes here
- Dedication Message:
- Your message goes here
Quitman is classified as a Town
Has Post Office
Photos of Quitman and surrounding areas
Proud to call Texas home?
Put your name on the town, county, or lake of your choice.
Search Places »
Quitman by the Numbers
This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."
|1,942||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|1,888||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|1,809||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|2,030||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|1,684||1990||United States Census Bureau|