Kilgore

Kilgore is on U.S. Highway 259 and State highways 31, 42, and 135, 120 miles east of Dallas in south central Gregg County. The area was first settled before the Civil War by planters from the old South, but the city was not founded until 1872, when the International-Great Northern Railroad built a line between Longview and Palestine. The railroad bypassed New Danville, and the company platted a new town, which they named for Constantine Buckley Kilgore, who sold the 174-acre townsite to the railroad and urged many of the businesses of New Danville to move there. A post office opened in 1873, and by 1885 Kilgore had two steam gristmill-cotton gins, a church, and a district school; the estimated population was 250. The Kilgore State Bank opened in 1906, and an independent school district was formed in 1910. By 1914 the town had two banks, Baptist and Methodist churches, a newspaper, two cotton gins, several general stores, a drugstore, an ice cream parlor, a hotel, and a reported population of 700. The town reached a population of 1,000 in 1929. But the combined effects of the Great Depression and the decline of cotton, on which the town's economy had largely depended, brought a steep population decline. By the middle of 1930 the number of residents dropped below 500, and many businesses had been forced to close.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Kilgore is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Kilgore is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    32.39496900
    Longitude
    -94.86452500

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Kilgore by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Kilgore
Pop. Year Source
14,257 2019 Texas Demographic Center
12,975 2010 Texas Demographic Center
11,301 2000 Texas Demographic Center
11,066 1990 Texas Demographic Center
10,968 1980 Texas Demographic Center
9,495 1970 Texas Demographic Center
10,092 1960 Texas Demographic Center
9,638 1950 Texas Demographic Center
6,708 1940 Texas Demographic Center