Winnsboro

Winnsboro (Winnsborough), an incorporated city, is at the junction of State highways 11 and 37, fifteen miles northeast of Quitman in northeastern Wood County and extends into Franklin County. The town, first settled in the early 1850s, was named for John E. Wynn, an Englishman who settled in the area. Originally the settlement's name was spelled Wynnsborough, but when a post office was established in 1855, it was changed to Winnsborough. By 1861 the community had, in addition to the post office, two general stores and a church. After the Civil War it grew rapidly; in 1876 the East Line and Red River Railroad built a narrow-gauge road west from Jefferson, and Winnsborough developed into an important local shipping center. By 1885, Winnsborough, now incorporated, had Baptist, Methodist, and Cumberland Presbyterian churches, schools, eight steam grist and cotton gins, an opera house, a weekly newspaper, the Sentinel, and some 700 inhabitants. In 1893 the town's name was shortened to Winnsboro, evidently at the request of city leaders. In 1904 the Texas Southern Railroad built through the town, and by 1914 the flourishing community had four banks, two potteries, a public library, a cottonseed mill, two weekly newspapers, the Wide Awake and the Wortham Messenger, and a population of 2,300. The onset of the Great Depression and plummeting cotton prices in the early 1930s combined to bring hard times for Winnsboro. The population dropped to 1,900 in 1936, and many businesses were forced to shut their doors. After World War II, however, the town began to grow again. A new hospital, a high school, and a 917-acre lake were completed. Autumn Trails, a fall nature show, featured theater productions, arts and crafts, music conventions, and other events. In 1970 the city reported 155 businesses, eight churches, a hospital, a library, and a newspaper. Since the mid-1960s the population has been steadily growing, and in 2000 Winnsboro had 3,584 residents and 354 businesses.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Winnsboro is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Winnsboro is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Wynnsborough]

Locations

  • Latitude
    32.95576740
    Longitude
    -95.29108800

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Winnsboro by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Winnsboro
Pop. Year Source
3,401 2019 Texas Demographic Center
3,252 2010 Texas Demographic Center
3,584 2000 Texas Demographic Center
2,904 1990 Texas Demographic Center
3,458 1980 Texas Demographic Center
3,064 1970 Texas Demographic Center
2,675 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,512 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,092 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,905 1930 Texas Demographic Center
2,184 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,741 1910 Texas Demographic Center
899 1900 Texas Demographic Center
388 1890 Texas Demographic Center