Franklin County

Franklin County, Texas

Franklin County, Texas

Franklin County Library in Mount Vernon, the seat of Franklin County, Texas. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Franklin County is located in northeast Texas, one county removed from Oklahoma and three counties removed from Arkansas. Mount Vernon, the county seat, is on Interstate Highway 30 seventy-two miles southwest of Texarkana and ninety-six miles northeast of Dallas. With a 2014 population of 2,633, Mount Vernon is the largest town situated entirely within the boundaries of the county, but Winnsboro, located in southwestern Franklin and northwestern Wood counties, had a 2014 population of 3,458. The county's center lies at 33°09' north latitude and 95°14' west longitude. The county comprises 294 square miles of the post oak belt and is heavily wooded; post oak, blackjack oak, and pine trees predominate. The terrain varies from nearly level to rolling, and the soils are predominantly loam with clay subsoils. The county is drained by the Sulphur River, which forms its northern boundary, and Big Cypress Creek, which runs through the southern portion. Mineral resources include oil, gas, limestone, and lignite coal. Wildlife native to the area once included buffalo, bear, deer, beaver, and turkey. Temperatures range from an average high of 94° F in July to an average low of 35° in January. Rainfall averages almost forty-five inches a year, and the growing season averages 234 days annually.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Franklin County

Highlighted:
  • Franklin County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Franklin County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

300 ft – 600 ft

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Franklin County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Franklin County
Pop. Year Source
10,725 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Franklin County
People Year Source
4,419 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$39,730 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Franklin County
USD ($) Year Source
1,584,101,800 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Franklin County
USD ($) Year Source
111,402,507 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Franklin County
USD ($) Year Source
34,316,713 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.4 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
47.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
31.9 92.0 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Franklin County
Area (square miles) Year Source
284.4 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Franklin County
Area (square miles) Year Source
294.8 2019 United States Census Bureau