Montgomery County

Montgomery County, Texas

Montgomery County, Texas

The Montgomery County Courthouse is housed in the Conroe, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.
Montgomery County, Texas

Montgomery County, Texas

Map of Montgomery County, Texas Map Credit: Robert Plocheck.

Montgomery County is on Interstate 45 forty miles north of downtown Houston in the East Texas Timberlands Region. The center of the county is at 30°18' north latitude and 95°23' west longitude, near the county seat of Conroe. The county is bounded on the north by Walker and San Jacinto counties, on the east by Liberty County, on the south by Harris County, and on the west by Waller and Grimes counties. Montgomery County covers 1,047 square miles of flat to gently rolling terrain, with elevations ranging from 150 to 300 feet. To the south and west soils are light-colored and loamy with deep, reddish, clayey to loamy subsoils. The remainder of the county has reddish soils with loamy surfaces and very deep, clayey subsoils. Vegetation is typical of the Piney Woods area, with thick stands of longleaf, shortleaf, and loblolly pines and hickory, maple, sweet and black gum, oak, and magnolia trees. Grasses include Virginia wildrye, blackseed needlegrass, and purpletop. Wildlife in the county includes eastern gray and fox squirrels, various species of bats and skunks, and small herbivores such as gophers, mice, rabbits, and armadillos, as well as raccoons, white-tailed deer, opossum, bobcat, coyote, and red and grey fox. Alligators, frogs, toads, and numerous species of snake, including the poisonous copperhead, cottonmouth, coral snakes, and rattlesnake, are found in abundance. A wide variety of birds-mockingbirds, cardinals, doves, quail, bluejays, and roadrunners, to name a few-are also native to the area. Natural resources include timber, lakes, gravel, and oil; the Conroe oilfield was once the third largest in the United States. The county's principal water source is the San Jacinto River basin drainage system, which includes Peach, Caney, Spring, and Bushy creeks. The Lake Conroe Reservoir, seven miles northwest of Conroe, drains an area of 445 square miles; its surface area covers 20,118 acres, and its storage capacity is 380,400 acre-feet. The climate is subtropical humid, with warm summers and mild winters. The average annual relative humidity is 73 percent, and the average rainfall is 47.44 inches. The average annual temperature is 68° F. Temperatures in January range from an average low of 39° to an average high of 61° F and in July range from 72° to 95° F. The growing season averages 270 days per year, with the last freeze in early March and the first freeze in late November.

The area that now comprises Montgomery County has long been the site of human habitation. Numerous artifacts from the Paleo-Indian (10,000–6,000 B.C.) and Archaic (6,000–200 B.C.) cultures have been found in the area, suggesting that it has been continuously occupied for more than 10,000 years. When the first Europeans arrived in the region it was dominated by various tribes of the Atakapan Indians, a predominantly hunting and gathering people whose range extended south and eastward to the Gulf Coast. In the early eighteenth century one of these tribes, the Arkokisas (Orcoquisacs) had campsites along Peach Creek and on the banks of the San Jacinto River. The Bidai Indians, another Atakapan tribe, also ranged across most of the future county, their territory extending as far north as the Old San Antonio Road. Most of these native peoples eventually succumbed to European diseases, were killed by other Indian tribes, intermarried, or migrated elsewhere; by 1850 virtually no trace of them remained.

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Christopher Long, Kameron K. Searle | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Montgomery County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

50 ft – 430 ft

Size

Land area does not include water surface area, whereas total area does

  • Land Area: 1,041.7 mi²
  • Total Area: 1,076.9 mi²

Temperature

January mean minimum: 40.4°F
July mean maximum: 93.5°F

Rainfall, 2019

48.8 inches

Population Count, 2019

607,391

Civilian Labor Count, 2019

278,703

Unemployment, 2019

8.7%

Property Values, 2019

$65,695,892,720 USD

Per-Capita Income, 2019

$63,605 USD

Retail Sales, 2019

$12,139,111,563 USD

Wages, 2019

$2,851,359,810 USD

Montgomery County

Highlighted:
  • Montgomery County
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Place Type Population (Year/Source) Currently Exists
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Town 89,956 (2020) Yes
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Town 1,087 (2020) Yes
Town 190 (2009) Yes
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Town 2,000 (2009) Yes
Town 1,745 (2020) Yes
Town 310 (2009) Yes
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Town 586 (2009) Yes
Town 500 (2009) Yes
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Town 754 (2020) Yes
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Town 2,304,580 (2020) Yes
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Town 2,359 (2020) Yes
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Town 1,948 (2020) Yes
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Town 90 (2009) Yes
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Town 6,800 (2009) Yes
Town 3,057 (2020) Yes
Town 800 (2009) Yes
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Town 2,515 (2020) Yes
Town 1,647 (2020) Yes
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Town 5,195 (2020) Yes
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Town 4,200 (2009) Yes
Town 1,903 (2020) Yes
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Town 1,781 (2020) Yes
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Town 200 (2009) Yes
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Town 3,499 (2020) Yes
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Town 1,683 (2020) Yes
Town 580 (2020) Yes
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Town 900 (2009) Yes
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Town 114,436 (2020) Yes
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Town 100 (2009) Yes
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Town 6,431 (2020) Yes
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Town 1,330 (2020) Yes
Town 186 (2020) Yes
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