Montgomery County

Montgomery County, Texas

Montgomery County, Texas

The Montgomery County Courthouse is housed in the Conroe, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Montgomery County is on Interstate 45 forty miles north of downtown Houston in the East Texas Timberlands Region. The center of the county is at 30°18' north latitude and 95°23' west longitude, near the county seat of Conroe. The county is bounded on the north by Walker and San Jacinto counties, on the east by Liberty County, on the south by Harris County, and on the west by Waller and Grimes counties. Montgomery County covers 1,047 square miles of flat to gently rolling terrain, with elevations ranging from 150 to 300 feet. To the south and west soils are light-colored and loamy with deep, reddish, clayey to loamy subsoils. The remainder of the county has reddish soils with loamy surfaces and very deep, clayey subsoils. Vegetation is typical of the Piney Woods area, with thick stands of longleaf, shortleaf, and loblolly pines and hickory, maple, sweet and black gum, oak, and magnolia trees. Grasses include Virginia wildrye, blackseed needlegrass, and purpletop. Wildlife in the county includes eastern gray and fox squirrels, various species of bats and skunks, and small herbivores such as gophers, mice, rabbits, and armadillos, as well as raccoons, white-tailed deer, opossum, bobcat, coyote, and red and grey fox. Alligators, frogs, toads, and numerous species of snake, including the poisonous copperhead, cottonmouth, coral snakes, and rattlesnake, are found in abundance. A wide variety of birds-mockingbirds, cardinals, doves, quail, bluejays, and roadrunners, to name a few-are also native to the area. Natural resources include timber, lakes, gravel, and oil; the Conroe oilfield was once the third largest in the United States. The county's principal water source is the San Jacinto River basin drainage system, which includes Peach, Caney, Spring, and Bushy creeks. The Lake Conroe Reservoir, seven miles northwest of Conroe, drains an area of 445 square miles; its surface area covers 20,118 acres, and its storage capacity is 380,400 acre-feet. The climate is subtropical humid, with warm summers and mild winters. The average annual relative humidity is 73 percent, and the average rainfall is 47.44 inches. The average annual temperature is 68° F. Temperatures in January range from an average low of 39° to an average high of 61° F and in July range from 72° to 95° F. The growing season averages 270 days per year, with the last freeze in early March and the first freeze in late November.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Montgomery County

Highlighted:
  • Montgomery County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Montgomery County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

50 ft – 430 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
Ada Town
Alethia Town
Allendale Town
Arnold Town
Arnold Mills Town
Beach Town
Bell Town
Bennette Town
Blueberry Hill Town
Bobbin Town
Bobville Town
Boy Town
Brantley Town
Bristow Town
Browder Town
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Buck Hills Town
Butlerberg Town
Callie Town
Clinesburg Town
Coletown Town
Collins Mill Town
Conroe Town
Copeland Town
Cowl Spur Town
Cox's Switch Town
Crossroads Town
Cudlip Switch Town
Cut And Shoot Town
Dacus Town
Danville Town
Decker Prairie Town
Deerwood Town
Dobbin Town
Edison Town
Egypt Town
Egypt Town
Entre Town
Esperanza Town
Fostoria Town
Four Corners Town
Gary Town
Grand Lake Town
Grangerland Town
Groceville Town
Grover Town
Guyler Town
Hackney's Mill Town
Haltom's Town
Hartley Town
Hazel Town
Heron Town
Highland Town
Honea Town
Hopewell Town
Houston Town
Hunters Retreat Town
Jackson Town
Japan Town
Johnson Town
Karen Town
Keefer Town
Keenan Town
Keisler Town
Kingwood Town
Laird Town
Lake Conroe Lake
Lakeland Town
Lenley's Town
Leonidas Town
Leslieville Town
Lewis Creek Reservoir Lake
Lone Oak Town
Longstreet Town
Maggie Town
Magnolia Town
Magnolia Town
McRae Town
Medley Town
Melton Town
Melvin Town
Midline Town
Milvid Town
Mink Town
Minnocks Town
Montgomery Town
Mosley Town
Mostyn Town
Mount Vernon Town
Mount Zion Town
New Caney Town
Oak Ridge North Town
Oklahoma Town
Osborne Town
Panorama Village Town
Patton Village Town
Pauli Town
Peel Junction Town
Phillips Town
Pinehurst Town
Pinery Town
Piney Point Town
Pittsville Town
Pocahontas Town
Porter Town
Porter Heights Town
Prairie Home Town
Presswood Town
Prismoid Town
Prismoid Town
Progress Town
Rayford Town
Robinson Town
Roman Forest Town
Roweville Town
Ryals Town
Sammons Town
Sans Souci Town
Security Town
Shannon Town
Shenandoah Town
Silver City Town
Sleepy Hollow Town
Splendora Town
Stagecoach Town
Sumatra Town
Tamina Town
Teddy Town
Texas National Town
Tharp Town
The Woodlands Town
Tillis Prairie Town
Timber Town
Twenty-Five Mile Post (25 Mile Post) Town
Ventura Town
Vicksburg Town
Vidor Town
Virgie Town
Ware's Settlement Town
Waukegan Town
Weisinger Town
Wigginsville Town
Wilburton Town
Willis Town
Wilmoth Town
Woodbranch Town
Woodloch Town
Youens Town
Zither Town

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Montgomery County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Montgomery County
Pop. Year Source
607,391 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Montgomery County
People Year Source
278,703 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$63,605 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Montgomery County
USD ($) Year Source
65,695,892,720 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Montgomery County
USD ($) Year Source
12,139,111,563 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Montgomery County
USD ($) Year Source
2,851,359,810 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.7 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
48.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
40.4 93.5 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Montgomery County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,041.7 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Montgomery County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,076.9 2019 United States Census Bureau