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Henderson County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

78,675
0.2
948.3
873.8
256–763
42.94
34.5
92.6
37,751
6.1
$127,472,908
$34,292
$6,903,065,244
$752,591,193

map of Henderson County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county bounded by Neches and Trinity rivers; hilly, rolling; one-third forested; sandy, loam, clay soils; commercial timber; Cedar Creek Reservoir, Lake Palestine, Lake Athens, Forest Grove Reservoir; Trinidad Lake.

Economy: Agribusiness, retail trade, varied manufacturing, minerals, recreation, tourism.

locator map for Henderson County

History: Caddo area. Cherokee, other tribes migrated into the area in 1819-20 ahead of white settlement. Cherokees forced into Indian Territory in 1839. Anglo-American settlers arrived in 1840s. County created in 1846 from Nacogdoches, Houston counties and named for Gov. J. Pinckney Henderson.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 79.8; Black, 6.6; Hispanic, 11.6; Asian, 0.6; Other, 2.4.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 921; deaths, 1,004; marriages, 525; divorces, 41.

Recreation: Cedar Creek Reservoir, Lake Palestine, other lakes; Purtis Creek State Park; hunting, fishing, bird-watching; Zip Line (aerial ropeslide) at New York; East Texas Arboretum.

Minerals: Oil, gas, clays, lignite, sulfur, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Nurseries, cattle, hay, horses, rabbits. Market value $49.5 million. Hunting leases and fishing.

ATHENS (12,975) county seat; agribusiness center, varied manufacturing, tourism, state fish hatchery and museum, hospital, mental health center; Trinity Valley Community College; Texas Fiddlers’ Contest in May.

Gun Barrel City (5,799) recreation, retirement, retail center.

Malakoff (2,344) brick factory, varied industry, tourism, library, Cornbread Festival in April.

Other towns include: Berryville (1,006); Brownsboro (1,093); Caney City (230); Chandler (2,811) commuting to Tyler, retail trade, tourism, Pow Wow Festival in October; Coffee City (291); Enchanted Oaks (330); Eustace (1,015); Larue (250); Log Cabin (717); Moore Station (211); Murchison (598); Payne Springs (777); Poynor (310); Seven Points (1,466) agribusiness, retail trade, recreation, Monte Carlo celebration in November; Star Harbor (464); Tool (2,264), and Trinidad (891).

Also, Mabank (3,181, mostly in Kaufman County).

horses grazing east of Mabank

Horses grazing east of Mabank. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac