Caldwell County

Caldwell County, Texas

Caldwell County, Texas

City Park Pier in the City of Lockhart, Caldwell County, Texas. Photograph by Ray Shrewsberry, Pixabay.

Caldwell County, 120 miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico in south central Texas, is bordered by Bastrop, Fayette, Gonzales, Guadalupe, Hays, and Travis counties. Lockhart, the county seat, is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 183 and Farm Road 20, thirty miles south of Austin and seventy miles northeast of San Antonio. The county's center lies four miles southeast of Lockhart at approximately 29°50' north latitude and 97°37' west longitude. The county comprises roughly 546 square miles of flat to rolling terrain with elevations ranging from 375 to 500 feet above sea level. It is bisected from southwest to northeast by the Luling-Darst Creek fault zone. The northwest part of the county is in the blackland prairie region, where the terrain is low-rolling to flat and tall grasses and mesquite flourish in the black, waxy soils. The southeastern half of the county is more hilly, and the sandy soils support a wider variety of vegetation, including hardwoods such as oak and elm as well as mesquite and grasses. The county is almost entirely within the Guadalupe River basin; it is drained primarily by Plum Creek and its tributaries, and by the San Marcos River, which forms the boundary with Guadalupe County. Wildlife in the area includes deer, javelinas, coyotes, bobcats, beavers, otters, foxes, raccoons, skunks, turkeys, squirrels, and a variety of small birds, fish, and reptiles. Among the county's mineral resources are clay, industrial sand, gravel, oil, and gas. The climate is subtropical and humid, with an average minimum temperature of 38° F in January and an average high temperature of 96° F in July. The growing season averages 274 days annually, and the rainfall averages thirty-five inches.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Caldwell County

Highlighted:
  • Caldwell County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Caldwell County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

315 ft – 736 ft

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Caldwell County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Caldwell County
Pop. Year Source
43,664 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Caldwell County
People Year Source
19,148 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$33,668 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Caldwell County
USD ($) Year Source
3,576,867,106 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Caldwell County
USD ($) Year Source
388,422,490 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Caldwell County
USD ($) Year Source
88,812,292 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
7.4 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
35.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
37.8 94.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Caldwell County
Area (square miles) Year Source
545.3 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Caldwell County
Area (square miles) Year Source
547.2 2019 United States Census Bureau