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Upshur County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. mean. min.
July mean max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

39,884
1.4
592.6
583.0
228–685
47.08
31.4
93.4
20,678
5.3
$60,049,492
$38,508
$2,730,614,183
$303,692,627

map of Upshur County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county; rolling to hilly, over half forested; drains to Sabine River, Little Cypress Creek, Lake O’ the Pines, Lake Gilmer, Lake Gladewater.

Economy: Manufacturing, oil, gas, agribusiness, timber.

History: Caddoes; reduced by epidemics in 1700s. Cherokees in area in 1820s. Anglo-American settlement in mid-1830s. County created from Harrison, Nacogdoches counties in 1846, organized the same year; named for U.S. Secretary of State A.P. Upshur.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 80.94; Black, 8.96; Hispanic, 7.36; Asian, 0.44; Other, 2.29.

 

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 507; deaths, 431; marriages, 223; divorces, 263.

Recreation: Scenic trails, hunting, fishing, fall foliage, East Texas Yamboree in October.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Dairies, beef cattle, hay, vegetable crops, poultry. Market value $60.6  million. Timber a major product.

GILMER (5,057) county seat; manufacturing, communications, electric power; hospital; museums; Texas Motorized Trails.

Other towns include: Big Sandy (1,390); Diana (585); East Mountain (819); Ore City (1,186); Union Grove (367). Part [2,447] of Gladewater (6,602).

a pastoral scene along U.S. 80 near Big Sandy

A pastoral scene along U.S. 80 near Big Sandy. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac